Popocatépetl volcano—the identify is Aztec for “smoking mountain” — is one of Mexico’s most active volcanoes. The glacier-clad stratovolcano has been erupting considering that January 2005, with everyday minimal-depth emissions of gas, steam, and ash.
On January 2, 2021, the Operational Land Imager (OLI) on Landsat 8 captured this impression of a plume growing from Popocatépetl (nicknamed El Popo).
On January 6, the Washington Volcanic Ash Advisory Centre (VAAC) claimed a volcanic ash plume that rose to all over 6,400 meters (21,000 toes) over the volcano. Mexico’s Nationwide Heart for Prevention of Disasters (CENAPRED), which continuously displays Popo, warned persons not to strategy the volcano or its crater due to slipping ash and rock fragments. Some ashfall was blown downwind to the metropolis of Puebla, located about 45 kilometers (30 miles) away from the volcano.
At 5,426 meters (17,802 feet) higher than sea degree, Popocatépetl is the next tallest volcano in Mexico (soon after Citlaltépetl). It is comprised of alternating levels of volcanic ash, lava, and rocks from previously eruptions. The volcano is found all-around 70 kilometers (40 miles) southeast of Mexico City and far more than 20 million people today reside near enough to be afflicted by a key eruption. On the other hand, most of the eruptions in the earlier 600 years have been reasonably moderate.
NASA Earth Observatory graphic by Lauren Dauphin, applying Landsat data from the U.S. Geological Study.